Different Types Of Data Communication Media

The process in which data is transferred from one computer to another is known as communication media. Data communication involves transmission of digital of information to different electronic devices through wireless or cabled connections. The two commonly used computer communication media used are bounded and unbounded media.

A. Bound Media

Data transfer through physical connections is referred to as bounded media in that signals are sent to other external devices from one computer in a network. Computers can be interconnected to share files and devices in a network by means of cabling which facilitates faster communication of information. Bounded media is a faster data communication that provides high speed transfer of signals over long distances and is the most reliable media for message sending.

Bounded media is categorized into three types of data communication which enables connection of different types of network. These cables include:

1. Coaxial cable

This is most common bounded media that is many electronics to transfer data and it is designed with two parallel copper conductors. It has a solid central copper conductor that transmits signal and is coated with a protective cover to reduce electromagnetic interference. Coaxial cable is found in different gauges at affordable prices and is easier to work with. They are easy to install and can support up to 10Mps capacity with medium attenuation. Despite its popularity, the only serious drawback it has is that the entire network is always affected with a single cable failure.

2. Twisted pair cable

Twisted pair cables are found in two types and these include unshielded and shielded twisted pair cables. It is commonly used because it is lighter and inexpensive. They are made up of twisted solid copper wires which help to reduce vulnerability to EMI and cross talk effects. This type of cables is cheaper and can support up to 100mps speed capacity.

3. Fiber optic

Unlike other types of cables, fiber optic uses electrical signals for communication and is made up of reflective cladding that prevents loss of light in the glass core. Although it very expensive and hard to install, optic cables can support at least 2gbps and are not vulnerable to EMI interference. It has got also very fast data transmission and very low attenuation compared to other data cables.

B. Unbounded media

This type of data communication media involves networking of multiple computers through a wireless connection. Creating a wireless connection is much easier since no physical connection is required and can connect multiple computers in a room. Unbounded media uses space or air as the transmission medium for electronic waves. Some of the unbounded media are the satellites, radio, Bluetooth and Wi-Fi among others. Installation of wireless network is much easier and faster compared to the bounded media which require an expert to do the configuration. Through wireless settings, you can also transfer huge files of data to any networked computer since the unbounded media supports very high bandwidths just like the cabled network.

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Data Communication – The Language of the Future

A career in data communications lets you work in an engineering discipline, helping computer systems and devices “talk” to each other. Networking, routers, routing protocols, and networking over the Internet are applications directly related, and of interest to, data communication majors and those considering a degree in data communication.

Data communication is sometimes considered a sub-discipline of telecommunications, computer science, IT and computer engineering, which is a primary reason why people who have education, expertise and interests in these disciplines may ultimately pursue careers in data communications. Another reason is that computer networks rely heavily on these disciplines, drawing a direct connection between the fields.

The following make students and career professionals strong candidates for careers in data communications:

Students and tech-savvy professionals who are interested in how computer networks “communicate with each other” and want to influence that communication.
Young people ready to enter the working world and seasoned professionals wanting to “re-invent” themselves who have interests in local area networks (LANS), and wide area networks (WANS).
Anyone interested in how networks are interconnected, allowing communication with a variety of different kinds of media.
Once you determine data communication is the field for you and you have an idea of what occupation within the data communications industry you may want to pursue, you can begin going after your data communication degree.
ITT Technical Institute not only offers a highly sought after degree in data communication, combining classroom study with real-world training, the institute also offers the option of getting your data communication degree online, which makes it easy for you to balance your data communication education with your work and personal life.

The data communications courses online carry the same value as those offered in our classrooms. Here, you will not only learn the fundamentals of data communications, you’ll learn and know how to apply what you’ve learned. This makes obtaining employment and following your career path much easier after graduation.

Whether you choose to get your entire data communication degree online or in the classroom, you’ll be on your way toward a rewarding career that helps computer networks communicate, which helps the business world communicate. Who knows, perhaps you can help develop a streamlined approach to network communication or maybe even help tran

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